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CJA 355 WEEK 2 Team – Problem Solving Evaluation Presentation

CJA 355 WEEK 2 Team – Problem Solving Evaluation Presentation

CJA 355 WEEK 2 Team – Problem Solving Evaluation Presentation

CJA 355 WEEK 2 Team – Problem Solving Evaluation Presentation

Discuss the programs identified in the Week 1 Logic Model assignment.

Create a 2 slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation in which your Learning Team compares the program with the problem solving model presented in “The Herring Problem Solving Method” video presentation from Week 2. Include the following in your presentation:

  • Identify how the selected program did or did not meet the various elements of the problem solving model.
  • Analyze the effectiveness of the program.
  • Explain how following a problem solving model would have impacted the program’s effectiveness.

The Herring Problem Solving Method Transcript


Speaker: Narrator


Narrator:    Whoa. See that? Yeah. That’s—a problem. A drag racing problem that’s going fast and growing fast in your town. Little measures aren’t stopping it. New solutions go up in flames. And your squad cars can’t catch up with those drag racing delinquents.


You apply for grants, but your applications get denied because while YOU know you have a problem, your request doesn’t make the problem and solution clear. So let’s try another approach: The Herring Problem Solving Method. 9 steps. 1 result.


First, identify the problem. It’s not about drag racing. It’s about how drag racing is affecting the community. Then, the next step.


Quantify the problem. Get some numbers down. Damages? Taxpayer burden? Injuries? And then—


Develop a problem statement.


Use your numbers to describe the problem at its most basic level without hinting at possible solutions. In our case—not just “drag racing.” The fact that drag racing is hurting your economy and crime rate.


Next, identify and include stakeholders. Who’s affected? Law enforcement? Sure. But also businesses where racers drive off patrons. Citizens bothered at night. People with damaged property or damaged bodies.


With the stakeholders’ help, propose solutions. Don’t stop at the first one. Take some time. Get every idea on the table. Yeah, faster squad cars, why not, Chief?


Great. Now, choose the best. The ones that really should work that are practical, cost effective, and implementable. Then, develop them. Build out programs that encompass education, enforcement, and environment—like teaching about dangers to prevent future racing, seizing cars to cut down on current racing, redesigning roads to deter racing.


Identify what resources you need for these programs and perhaps apply for a grant.

With a well-defined problem and clear solutions, you’ll be far more likely to get it.


And then implement the programs. People to teach. New squad cars to catch racers. Crews to pave the roads. Once they’re in place, assess them. Find results. Are fewer people interested in racing? Have you caught all the cars that used to zoom around each Friday?


Then, publish the results and establish program effectiveness. If something’s not quite working, go back to where in the process it broke down and get everything just right—until the next problem pops up. But you’ll be ready. You have the Herring Method—nine clear steps to clear up problems.


[End of Audio]

Logic Model

Antisocial behaviors and practices like burglaries, thefts, and fraud are common social problems globally. These social crimes highly affect almost everybody in society regardless of the age, gender, and economic status. Prevention of these antisocial behaviors is essential in every society. As a local group member establishing a grant-funding proposal for a crime prevention program, much of the focus is directed towards the community’s businesses. As a result of burglaries’ rapid experiences, thefts, and fraud targeting businesses in the location, a local benefactor has granted 300,000 dollars for a full-year crime mitigation program. However, the amount is barely sufficient enough to cover all the necessary activities that need funding. Therefore, the local group has decided to submit a proposal to obtain funding. The paper shall address various common grant types and identify some possible sources for the proposal. Also, the report shall identify funding agencies to cater to the grants. The paper shall also offer teamwork strategies that need to be implemented when establishing the proposal, creating a logic model for a fictitious, grant-funded project.

Common Grant Types and Possible Sources

There are four common grant types offered to nonprofit organizations. When evaluating non-academic grants, there are various categories of grants. Some examples of these common grants include general operating support, capital grants, project-specific grants, and capacity-building grants. General operating support is also referred to as unrestricted support. General operating support ideally supports a nonprofit’s general mission, allowing the leaders to reinforce their services. A general operating grant is sometimes used to cover expenses such as salaries, improve fundraising support, and expand a program (O’Neal-McElrath, Kanter & English, 2019). Capital grants support projects and programs that require renovations, equipment, furnishing, and rehabilitation. Unlike general operating support, capital grants are meant for specific purposes. Organizations can’t use capital grants freely, but the amount should be used towards the designated project or program.

Project-specific grants are responsible for particular services for a given time frame. Project-specific grants are funds dedicated to a specific initiative undertaken by a nonprofit organization. This means that the nonprofit organization’s mission and goals mostly align with the goals and mission of the funding organization. Capacity-building grants refer to the funds given as a grant to improve an organization’s capacity to serve its customers via internal improvements. For instance, the capacity-building grants can support new collaborations, the establishment of organizational plans, and the development of new income sources (O’Neal-McElrath, Kanter & English, 2019). This type of grant does not essentially focus on an outcome but instead aims to produce more competent organizational capability.

Funding Agencies

There are several agencies that could be reached out to fund crime prevention programs. These agencies include the Community Crime Prevention Grant program, which is a public resource apportioned yearly by Indianapolis-Marion County City-County Council. This type of fund is issued by the Indianapolis Foundation, a CICF affiliate (Carr, 2014). The Department of Justice and Criminal Justice are agencies that are important when it comes to the crime prevention program. The DOJ has grants set for communities afflicted with mass violence (The United States Department of Justice, 2018).

Teamwork Strategies

There are various teamwork strategies that can be implemented when developing the proposal. Crime prevention is essential for officials to reduce the crime rate in a community and prevent the crimes from happening. It is vital to have a form of crime prevention that will help protect the businesses and protect the community. The community needs to feel that they are also a part of this proposal, increasing the likelihood of obtaining funders who may be part of the community (Carr, 2014). To strategize, the team will need to be split up into different categories that work on the different parts of the proposal. Having the team split up allows each proposal area to get the required attention it needs to succeed.

Logic Model for a Fictitious, Grant-Funded Project

Funder: Local benefactor

Submitted by: Rebuilding a broken community

Grant request: $300,000

Project description: crime prevention program promoting business in my community.

Full proposal available at TBA


Agency Name: TBA

Program Name: TBA

Agency Mission: To help build local business in the community with preventing business from being burglarized.

Program Goal: To ensure that the community businesses are safe



Objectives Activities Resources
What can we do as a community to keep our local business safe from burglaries and thefts? Making sure the stores in our community are safe


Ask the community to come together for community events (Price & Nicholson, 2019).


Hire more security in certain areas after the business has closed


Neighborhood watch

What types of events could we do?


What qualifications would these officers have?


Who would we put in charge of this program?

How much would this cost?


How much would this cost?

Would we provide training for new security officers?


How would we implement this?


Burglaries, thefts, and fraud have become such an epidemic that every law enforcement agency is striving to add new task forces specializing in these areas to help solve and prevent these types of crimes from happening. However, to be able to do much, these programs have to have funding to do so (Price & Nicholson, 2019). The paper covered the types of grants there are and which one would fit our organization’s need.




Carr, C. E. (2014). The nuts and bolts of grant writing. SAGE Publications.

O’Neal-McElrath, T., Kanter, L., & English, L. J. (2019). Winning grants step by step: the complete workbook for planning, developing, and writing successful proposals. John Wiley & Sons.

Price, W., & Nicholson, I. I. (2019). Grants. Berkeley Tech. LJ, 34, 1.

The United States Department of Justice. (, 2018). Grants. Retrieved from


















Input Outcome/Process Measures Outcome Measures
·         Enlarge the role of the community in preventing crimes.

·         Increase education awareness to the public and business owners concerning crime and crime prevention

·         Reduce incidents of burglary, robbery, and fraud schemes

·         Help rehabilitate criminals in need of work

·         Establish neighborhood/”business hood” watch group

·         Hold quarterly neighborhood/” business hood watch meetings

·         Hold educational sessions on protecting businesses from fraud schemes

·         Asses and revamp current security systems

·         Post visible signs for the new security system for those who pass by to see

·         Conduct quarterly assessments with security on progress

·         Partner with the program for rehabilitation for criminals in the workforce

·         Number of crime reports made

·         Number of crime made to police

·         Number of burglary offenses

·         Number of fraud schemes reported that businesses did not fall for

·         Number of fraud schemes that took place


CJA 355 WEEK 2

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